Ancient Greece made up of many small islands surrounding the main island, which had a rocky coast. This did not encourage an agricultural civilization therefore the Greeks started trading
Early on, the Mycenaean’s and Minoans came to claim the territory. The Mycenaean’s were a warlike people and wherever they went, they had a defensive structure to defend themselves with. They also colonized most of Greece. The Minoans, on the other hand, were peaceful and cared mostly for cultural developing.
Soon, the Mycenaean’s were defeated at troy, so the Dorian’s took over. When the Dorian’s reigned, that time was called the dark ages; because Greece practically did not develop when the Dorian’s reigned. The Dorian’s had a different writing style than the Greeks, and so the made it Greece’s language. The Dorian’s lived a very simple life. The Dark Ages lasted until about 800 BC.
After the Dark Ages ended, Greece began trading again. Greece was divided into different colonies, which all had their own form of government. So they were only tied together loosely by some contracts they made with each other. That ended when Athens began democracy. Later, Persia threatened to attack. Thus every colony joined together. After 70 years of fighting Greece won.
After the war, Athens and Sparta had some arguments with each other. (They were the two biggest colonies) Athens was about culture, and Sparta was about war. This dispute ended up with a war the, “Peloponnesian wars”. Sparta won, after many battles, but these battles weakened both sides a lot. Therefore when Rome came, they were mowed down.
Alexander the Great was a great conqueror. He was born in Macedonia, and never lost a single battle. He conquered all of Middle East, parts of India, and Egypt. He died very soon, and he named over 30 cities, “Alexandria”. Once he died, the empire fell apart.
Greece culture affects us through, their gains in Science, art, architecture, philosophy, and also through different things.