Ferdinand Magellan was an orphan and somehow grew up in the Portuguese royal court as the Queen's page, and when he was 25 years old, he went to the royal navy. He lived in Portugal for eight years and bore many injuries, although he had saved his friends and his captain's life, which led to recognition and promotions in the army.
One Ferdinand Magellan's friends whom he had saved was Serrano, who had discovered spice islands and gained prosperity; gave him the interest to explore. Ferdinand Magellan returned home from an injury which led to lameness and limping.
When Ferdinand Magellan asked the King of Spain to help fund his mission, and the king was delighted to fund him, because once the pope made the treaty of Tordesillas, the main route to India was blocked, and the second route to get there would take a long time, and was very dangerous.
Ferdinand Magellan's fleet had five ships, and 270 men. He took his crew to America in 1519. Ferdinand Magellan decided to take the route to India from the west. Ferdinand Magellan travelled through a strait known as the straits of Magellan (which was named after him) and was the first one to sail across the Pacific Ocean. He named it the Mar Pacifico because the ocean was so calm.
Ferdinand Magellan landed in the Philippines in 1547 and was received warmly by the King and Queen, whom he had converted to Christianity. Later when fighting a battle for the King, he was killed by the enemy. After his death, the sailors went home with 115 men, of which 2 ships remained, and after 3 years the sailors returned with a battered ship and 18 men.