The slaves were Captured in West Africa and were transported to the new world, also known as America. Many Africans were brought into the world this way and were the largest immigrant population of America until the 18th century. The Portuguese were the first to capture slave in Africa and were forced into hard labor in the new world. The Portuguese colonies needed many laboring people to produce sugar, cotton, and tobacco. In fact, 70% of the slaves were used to produce sugar.
There were two eras of the Atlantic Slave trade, the first and the second Atlantic systems. First Atlantic System involved Africans transported by the Portuguese to the Portuguese. It took place from 1502-1580. The Second slave trade took place from 1580-1900. The transporters would be Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English. 75% of the Slaves would be transported to the Caribbean islands, the total amount of slaves traded were 10,000,000 slaves.
Over half of the slaves were captured and traded in the 18th century. England was the largest shipper of slaves. England eventually stopped trading, but not before they caused a lot of damage.They transported slaves by the triangular trade route, therefore, they made profits at each stop. Goods were brought from Europe to Africa. Slaves transitions to the new world, then the crops would return to Europe. Sir John Hawkins, Francis Drake's mentor was among the first to pioneer this route. Although the Africans were also at fault, for they would their captives of local wars into slavery.
Plenty of Kings thought this was not right, and many ship captains did not do it. In Africa, the slave could be of any race, but in Europe, only Africans could be slaves.