This semester I learned three important things. These three important things are the five parts of fiction, genres, and the three literature points.
The five parts of fiction are the plot, setting, character development, the theme and the style. The plot is the story, and it contains five different meanings on its own. There is the exposition, where the main character, setting, and the conflict is introduced. Then, there is the rising action, of which introduces subplots and certain situations the characters are in. Also in the rising action, the tension builds, of which next is the climax, which is the high point (peak) of the rising action. The climax is very important, and it usually happens over half way in the book. Although usually the rising action and the climax are easier to write, it is often harder to write the falling action. During the falling action, you release the tension that you have been building up in the rising action. Usually, in the falling action, many small plot lines occur. The end is the resolution; of which is to simply end the story. Usually, people add cliffhangers, but to many could add up to the reader expecting another chapter.
The next part of fiction is the setting. The setting contains the backdrop, gives content to the story and also shows exactly where the character is. The setting is usually outlined in the exposition and it changes as the character moves in the story. The setting is a very important part of the story, for it shows where and when the character appears.
Next up is the character development. The character development is the process of getting the characters knowledge as well as the way the character interacts with others. Some authors such as Jack London write books such that we get information from the character by his or her thoughts, and not as much verbal communication. While by other authors like G. A. Henty, we learn about the character through dialogue.
The other two parts of fiction are the theme and style. The theme is the thing that the story is trying to portray, also known as the moral to be learned in the story. Most of the time the moral is very clear, but in some stories, the moral is foggy, and may sometimes be hard to find out. The style is the certain way an author writes his books. Some authors like to add in some old English such as thou or thy. Others like to talk with a narrator and others without.
This Semester I also learned a lot about genres. Five genres are mythology, fiction, nonfiction, fantasy, and mystery. Mythology is an interesting genre of which people write ways the earth was made, certain wonders in the world, stories (mostly about supernatural characters), and many other things in the world that non-Christians can not explain.
Two other genres are fiction and nonfiction. The genre fiction usually portrays unreal things, such as time machines, super powers, and the like. Fiction is one of the most used genres and is usually mixed with other genres. For example, they also have the genre called science fiction. Another very used genre is nonfiction. Nonfiction books are exactly what the sound like, books that are not fictions, true realistic books. Some nonfiction books are The Story of Christopher Columbus, The Travels of Marco Polo, and many others. Nonfiction books usually have more moral to them, and also are often more descriptive.
Fantasy is usually a very fast paced genre, and many well-known books are written in this genre. Some books that genre is fantasy are Harry Potter, The Lord of the Rings, and many other bestsellers.
Many readers also like to read the genre mystery, of which a great example of a book in this genre is, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Sherlock Holmes was a detective of which worked purely for the strange cases that he got. The delight in reading mystery books are that, you are presented the mystery, and you get to solve it together with the detective, of which is great when you get to solve it before the detective, of which I usually don’t.
This semester I also learned much about the five literature points. The five literature points are novels, poems, short stories, dramas, and novellas. Novels are a long prose and are the most common way of writing and usually the longest. Novels usually are about fiction characters and are usually used for very fast paced stories.
Poems are many phrases which rhyme, and usually have different rhythms like ABAB and AABB.
Short stories are like the opposite in length of the novels. Short stories are very short, and some examples are, The Three Little Pigs and the Big Bad Wolf and, The Frog and the Princess, and many other childhood stories that we used to read. Short stories usually contain simple morals, like don’t trust strangers, or are just used as bedtime stories.
Dramas are usually divided into two parts, tragedy and comedy.
Novellas are in between novels and short stories, for they are average in length and also in other things as in plots. Personally, I have never read a novella, so I suppose that they are not as popular.
This semester I learned about the five parts of fiction, genres, and the three literature points. I thank my English teacher, Bradley Fish for teaching me all these important things.